The history of the city and its central part started with the forming of Gomel’s three most important streets in the XVIII-XIX centuries: Rumyantsevskaya Street (Sovetskaya Street at present), Zamkovaya Street (Lenin Avenue) and Feldmarshalskaya Street (Proletarskaya Street). The city’s downtown and Zamkovaya Square (Lenin Square) were created after the liking of Saint Petersburg. A magnificent palace and park ensemble embellished the city’s centre.
The central district was founded in line with the decree issued by the Presidium of the BSSR Supreme Council on July 1, 1940 “Foundation of city districts in Gomel”. Chairmen of the Central District Executive Committee were A.N. Pukst, A.D. Patyko, M.G. Skovorodko, P.A. Rusakov, M.D. Tkachev, S.I. Protsko, S.P. Kuptsov, M.A. Viktorchik, F.D. Martynov, N.D. Lyamtsev, V.G. Skrob, I.O. Grebenchuk, M.A. Chernetskaya, Y.A. Samborsky, P.I. Tarun, N.V. Kravtsov, heads of the district administration — V.V. Dovidovich, V.I. Dervenkov.
Nearly totally destroyed during the Nazi occupation, in post-war years Gomel’s centre considerably changed and acquired the image of modern Eastern Europe cities. Today’s central district is an administrative territorial unity of Gomel. It is located in the central and eastern parts of the city.
The district population — around 80 thousand people.
The territory — 2,110 hectares.